Just in case you haven’t been on the Internet in the last month, SOPA and PIPA are two laws that were working their way through the US legislature that would have brought sweeping powers to pretty much anybody to block sites on the Internet that they asserted were guilty of copyright infringement. These laws would have made the US into an Internet censorship regime that— even according to the backers of the law!— would be on par with Syria or China. You can read more about SOPA and PIPA here at the EFF and here at Wikipedia. They are now on hold (but, sadly, not dead), and the lion’s share of the credit for that belongs to Wikipedia. If you care about this (and as somebody currently reading something on the Internet not produced under the aegis of a large media company, you really should!), you should consider donating to Wikipedia. Some may credit Google with part of getting this message across to Congress, and doubtless Google deserves some credit. However, it was Wikipedia that went fully dark, and it was immediately after that event on Jan. 18 that Congress stepped back. What’s more, Google is doing just fine; they have a gigantic revenue from their advertising business. Wikipedia is much more dependent on donations. After you’re done donating to Wikipedia, also consider donating to The Electronic Frontier Foundation.
I just donated $100 myself. That’s not very much. Indeed, I’m sure that I have received a lot more than $100 worth of value out of Wikipedia in the last decade. But, every little bit counts.
Defenders of SOPA and PIPA say that fears of the law have been overblown. However, if misinformation about the law has been spread, it’s by the backers themselves. Their claims of “lost American jobs” have not been supported, and there is evidence that they overestimate the “lost revenue” to piracy by at least an order of magnitude. What’s more, while the backers disingenuously state that the laws are directed against “rogue foreign websites” and not against legitimate US users of the Internet, already we see copyright laws routinely abused to take down legitimate content on the web— if not through the full mechanism of the law, through the threat of legal action. See the repository of information at chillingeffects.org for huge numbers of stories about this. It would be absurd to believe that tools like SOPA and PIPA, which would make this kind of squelching of the expression of soembody you don’t like that much easier, would not only be abused more. For those who argue that intellectual property needs stronger protections: right now there is indeed an imbalance between laws that allow for copyright enforcement and freedom of expression, and that imbalance does not favor freedom of expression!
People like me were howling (well, tweeting, with the occasional signed petition or letter to a legislator) in rage about SOPA and PIPA at the end of last year, but Congress was by and large ignoring it. They had their Hollywood lobbyists telling them that it was all necessary… whether that was necessary for the “survival of American competitiveness”, or whether it was just necessary for the re-election of legislators is not clear. Certainly the latter; in public they said the former, but my cynicism grows every day. (Indeed, very recently the head of the MPAA more or less admitted in public that he expects lawmakers to provide him with legislation he demands in exchange for his organization’s campaign donations.) Indeed, Congress celebrated their ignorance about the Internet and completely refused to pay any attention to Internet experts telling them about the technical and security problems that SOPA and PIPA would bring. (Never mind fundamental issues of freedom of expression… which somehow doesn’t seem to be a legitimate thing to bring up in the face of concerns about “jobs”, “the economy”, or “terrorism” any more.) I believe that the perception in Congress was that most of the public weren’t really all that aware of copyright issues, and didn’t care that much; indeed, they said that it was a “vocal minority” arguing against it. They evidently believed that just giving Big Media the laws that they wanted was a great way to secure a source of campaign funding without doing something that might torque off the general public. (“Oops!”)
It was only after great public outcry, spurred on by the Wikipedia blackout (and several other sites) on January 18, that Congress woke up and changed its tune. It’s ironic that the MPAA has accused Wikipedia of “abusing its power”. Evidently Wikipedia is supposed to purchase legislation directly, the way that the MPAA does. Informing the public of what’s going on so that they will realize that if they care at all about freedom, they need to make their voice heard, is somehow an abuse of power. If that’s not an indication that large congressional campaign donors have completely warped the standard process of how laws are made in the USA, I don’t know what is. (To read more about how bad the routine corruption in the USA is as a result of large campaign contributors having primary access to lawmakers, and the pipeline of legislators and their staffers getting cushy lobbying jobs after helping organizations get the laws they want, check out the Rootstrikers website. Also, although I have not read this yet myself, it’s probably worth reading Lawrence Lessig’s book Republic, Lost.)
Donate to Wikipedia. Better, remember that SOPA and PIPA have just slowed down, not stopped. It’s going to take vigilance to prevent them from passing later. It’s likely that next time Congress and Big Content try to get them through, they’ll do it in a more stealthy manner. It may well be attached to a routine appropriations bill, much as the reprehensible “infinite detention” clause was recently attached to a routine defense appropriations bill (passed by Congress and signed by the President). The fight is far from over, even if we came out ahead in the latest skirmish.
Indeed, next time you’re about to buy a big-studio Hollywood DVD or go to a big-studio Hollywood movie, pause and think. Realize that the myopic leadership of the MPAA (the same group that decades ago fought tooth and nail against the VCR, fighting against their own interests as they would profit greatly from the new market that home video players would bring) is going to keep trying to push draconian laws limiting freedom of speech on the Internet in the name of “protecting intellectual property”. Ask yourself if the value you will get out of that DVD or watching that movie really is worth more than the value you get out of Wikipedia. Ask yourself if you want to indirectly support an organization that is fighting to maintain a 20th century model where broadcast expression was practically subject to a small number of gatekeepers (only then it was practically, and now it would be legally), or if you would rather directly support an organization that has made an amazing (if imperfect) crowd-sourced knowledge repository available to the world for fully free access (in every sense of the word “free”). Then, consider not buying the DVD or going to the movie, and instead donating the money to Wikipedia.